As you might imagine, the future value of an annuity refers to the value of your investment in the future, perhaps 10 years from today, based on your regular payments and the projected growth rate of your money. An annuity’s value is the sum of money you’ll need to invest in the present to provide income payments down the road. Remember that all annuity tables contain the same PVIFA for a specific number of periods at a given rate, much like multiplication tables give the same product for any two numbers. Any variations you find among present value tables for ordinary annuities are due to rounding.

These recurring or ongoing payments are technically referred to as “annuities” (not to be confused with the financial product called an annuity, though the two are related). As with the present value of an annuity, you can calculate the future value of an annuity by turning to an online calculator, formula, spreadsheet or annuity table. The future value of an annuity refers to how much money you’ll get in the future based on the rate of return, or discount rate. A number of online calculators can compute present value for your annuity. But if you want to figure out present value the old-fashioned way, you can rely on a mathematical formula (with the help of a spreadsheet if you’re comfortable using one).

A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation. Our mission is to empower readers with the most factual and reliable financial information possible to help them make informed decisions for their individual needs. Many accounting applications related to the time value of money involve both single amounts and annuities. Suppose that Black Lighting Co. purchased a new printing press for $100,000. The quarterly payments are $4,326.24 and the rate is 12% annually (or 3% per quarter). For example, assume that you purchase a house for $100,000 and make a 20% down payment.

The present value of annuity is commonly used to figure out the cash value of recurring payments in court settlements, retirement funds and loans. It is also used to calculate whether a mortgage payment is above or below an expected value. This means that for this particular annuity, the value of the annuity is worth more than the lump sum, and you’d be better off choosing to take the annuity payments rather than the lump sum. The Present Value of Annuity Calculator applies a time value of money formula used for measuring the current value of a stream of equal payments at the end of future periods. An ordinary annuity is a series of equal payments made at the end of consecutive periods over a fixed length of time.

  1. Knowing the present value of an annuity can help you figure out exactly how much value you have left in the annuity you purchased.
  2. For a more exact way of determining the present value of an annuity, consider using an annuity calculator that you find online or an Excel or Google spreadsheet.
  3. The quarterly payments are $4,326.24 and the rate is 12% annually (or 3% per quarter).
  4. You cross reference the rows and columns to find your annuity’s present value.
  5. By finding the present value interest factor of an annuity (PVIFA) on the table, you can easily determine the current worth of your annuity payments.
  6. The present value of an annuity is the current value of all future payments you will receive from the annuity.

An annuity due arises when each payment is due at the beginning of a period; it is an ordinary annuity when the payment is due at the end of a period. A common example of an annuity due is a rent payment that is scheduled to be paid at the beginning of a rental period. The future value of an annuity is the total amount of money that will build up over time, including present value of annuity table all payments into the annuity and compounded interest over its lifetime. There are several factors that can affect the present value of an annuity. Most of these are related to the annuity contract dealing with interest rates, guaranteed payments and time to maturity. But external factors — most notably inflation —  may also affect the present value of an annuity.

Present value of an annuity due table Present value table

Studying this formula can help you understand how the present value of annuity works. For example, you’ll find that the higher the interest rate, the lower the present value because the greater the discounting. That’s because $10,000 today is worth more than $10,000 received over the course of time. In other words, the purchasing power of your money decreases in the future. What follows is an example of an annuity table for an ordinary annuity (meaning the payment is made at the end of the month.) Typically, the data in each annuity table is the same.

At Finance Strategists, we partner with financial experts to ensure the accuracy of our financial content. Another way to interpret this problem is to say that, if you want to earn 8%, it makes no difference whether you keep $13,420.16 today or receive $2,000 a year for 10 years. Mortgages and certain notes payable in equal installments are examples of present-value-of-annuity problems. It is important to distinguish between the future value and the present value of an annuity. Use this calculator to find the present value of annuities due, ordinary regular annuities, growing annuities and perpetuities. For instance, a $5,000 investment that yields 5% will earn more than $8,100 over the next decade.

Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity

The calculation of PVIFA is based on the concept of the time value of money. This idea stipulates that the value of currency received today is worth more than the value of currency received at a future date. This is because the currency received today may be invested and can be used to generate interest.

Annuity Table Example

The IRS issued a final rule on Jan. 19 to update present value calculations for pension distributions. It is a simple table that features the PVIFAs of common combinations of rates and terms. For example, each column might feature a different rate while each row features a different term. The major drawback of a present value interest factor table is the necessity to round calculated figures, which sacrifices precision. Our goal is to deliver the most understandable and comprehensive explanations of financial topics using simple writing complemented by helpful graphics and animation videos. Our team of reviewers are established professionals with decades of experience in areas of personal finance and hold many advanced degrees and certifications.

As a rational person, the maximum that you would be willing to pay is the value today of these two cash flows discounted at 10%. This problem involves an annuity (the yearly net cash flows of $10,000) and a single amount (the $250,000 to be received once at the end of the twentieth year). In this case, the bank will want to know what series of monthly payments, when discounted back at the agreed-upon interest rate, is equal to the present value today of the amount of the loan.

Using the present value formula helps you determine how much cash you must earmark for an annuity to reach your goal of how much money you’ll receive in retirement. Using an annuity calculator or a financial spreadsheet set up for calculating the present value of an annuity is often more precise than using the preset annuity table. These tools are also helpful if your values fall outside the annuity table’s given ranges. While an annuity table provides a quick and easy way to calculate the present value of an annuity, it’s not the only method. Yes, different interest rates change the numbers on the annuity table because they impact how much your future money is worth today.

Using the Discount Rate for the Present Value Interest Factor

In addition to your contribution, you were able to reap more than $3,100 thanks to reinvested earnings. Where i is the interest rate per period and n is the total number of periods with compounding occurring once per period. Using the formula on this page, the present value (PV) of your annuity would be $3,790.75. John Egan is a freelance writer, editor and content marketing strategist in Austin, Texas. His work has been published by Experian,, Bankrate,, National Real Estate Investor, U.S. News & World Report, Urban Land magazine and other outlets. John earned a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Kansas and a master’s degree in communication from Southern New Hampshire University.

Calculating present value is part of determining how much your annuity is worth — and whether you are getting a fair deal when you sell your payments. An ordinary annuity is a series of recurring payments that are made at the end of a period, such as monthly or quarterly. An annuity due, by contrast, is a series of recurring payments that are made at the beginning of a period. While this example is straightforward because it involves round numbers and a single payment period, the calculations can become more complex when dealing with multiple payments over time. There are many reasons you might want to know the present value of your annuity.

On the other hand, the future value of an annuity will be greater than the sum of the individual payments or receipts because interest is accumulated on the payments. The most common uses for the Present Value of Annuity Calculator include calculating the cash value of a court settlement, retirement funding needs, or loan payments. McGillivray points out that life insurers rely on internal data as well as tables from sources like the Society of Actuaries to do their own proprietary calculations about annuities. Typically, insurers don’t share these calculations, which can include assumptions about a customer’s life expectancy.

This may be found by discounting each cash flow back at a given rate. This can be calculated using various financial tools, including tables and calculators, which are available on the web or in books of tables. Present value is an important concept for annuities because it allows individuals to compare the value of receiving a series of payments in the future to the value of receiving a lump sum payment today. By calculating the present value of an annuity, individuals can determine whether it is more beneficial for them to receive a lump sum payment or to receive an annuity spread out over a number of years. This can be particularly important when making financial decisions, such as whether to take a lump sum payment from a pension plan or to receive a series of payments from an annuity. The present value of an annuity is the amount of money needed today to cover future annuity payments.